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글번호  7 작성일  2007-03-21
글쓴이  관리자. 조회  2398

 
TABLE OF CONTENTS

Preface: Anne Applebaum, author of Gulag: A History
Executive Summary

INTRODUCTION

PART ONE
The North Korean Gulag I: Kwan-li-co Policital Penal-Labor Colonies

PART TWO
Detention Facilities and Punishments for North Koreans Forcibly Repatriated from China

PART THREE
Summary of Torture Testimony
Summary of Infanticide Testimony

PART FOUR
Recommendations

APPENDICES
A. U.N. Commission on Human Rights, Resolution on North Korea,
15 April 2003, E/CN.4/2003/L.31/Rev.1

B. Concluding Observations of the U.N. Human Rights Committee: Democratic People뭩 Republic of Korea,
27 July 2001 CCPR/CO/72/PRK

C. International Labor Organization Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work



Download entire report (PDF)

SATELLITE PHOTOGRAPHS

Satellite Imagery of the North Korean Gulag
Matthew McKinzie, Natural Resources Defense Council

[Photographs are formatted as both PDF and JPG]
Map of Selected North Korean Prison Camp Locations, [PDF] [JPG]

Kwan-li-so No. 15, Yodok, South Hamgyong Province
Annotations: KANG Chol Hwan
Partial Overview [PDF], [JPG]
Detail of Knup-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Knup-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Knup-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Yongpyong-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Yongpyong-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Pyongchang-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Limsan Valley, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Prison Workers?Unit 4 Village, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Ipsok-ri District, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Gold Mine Village, [PDF] [JPG]

Kwan-li-so Nos. 14 and 18, Kaechon and Bukchang, South Hamgyong Province
Annotations: KIM Yong
Partial Overview, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18, 6th Division, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18, 6th Division, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18, 6th Division, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18, 4th and 5th Divisions, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18, 4th and 5th Divisions, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18 Periphery, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 18 Periphery, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 14 and No. 18, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 14, Headquarters, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 14, Prisoner Housing, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of No. 14, Prisoner Housing, [PDF] [JPG]

Kwan-li-so No. 22, Haengyong, North Hamgyong Province
Annotations: AHN Myong Chol (taken from the Far Eastern Economic Review)
Overview, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Northern Haengyong, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Southern Haengyong, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Haengyong Headquarters, [PDF] [JPG]
Detail of Chungbong Mine, [PDF] [JPG]

Kyo-hwa-so No. 1, Kaechon, South Pyong-an Province
Annotations: JI Hae Nam, LEE Soon Ok, [PDF] [JPG]

Sinuiju Detention Center, North Pyong-an Province
Annotations: Former Prisoner , [PDF] [JPG]

Nongpo Detention Center, Chongjin, North Hamgyong Province
Annotations: Former Prisoner, [PDF] [JPG]


The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea is an independent, nongovernmental organization based in Washington, D.C. Created in 2001, the Committee was established to conduct independent research on human rights abuses in North Korea, and to disseminate its findings. It is not affiliated with the U.S. government.

U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea
1101 15th Street, NW, Suite 800
Washington, DC 20005 USA
Tel: (202) 467-4765
Fax: (202) 293-6042
Web: www.hrnk.org
Cover satellite photograph provided by DigitalGlobe
Report edited by Jennifer Fiore, Debra Liang-Fenton
Report designed by Stewart Andrews, Noodlebox Design, LLC

About the Author
A prominent human rights investigator and advocate, David Hawk worked for the United Nations directing the Cambodia Office of the U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights in 1996 and 1997. In the early and middle 1980s, Hawk investigated and analyzed the Khmer Rouge genocide, publishing groundbreaking prisoner/execution photographs and original documents in association with the Columbia University Center for the Study of Human Rights. In the late 1980s and early 1990s, Hawk established and directed the Cambodia Documentation Commission (New York), which sought an international tribunal for the Khmer Rouge leadership, and human rights provisions and mechanisms in the 1991 Cambodian peace treaty and U.N. transitional peacekeeping operation.

In August 1995, Hawk traveled to Rwanda to investigate that nation뭩 massacres for the U.S. Committee for Refugees, and in 1995, he returned to Kigali on a mission for Amnesty International. More recently, Hawk has consulted for the Landmine Survivors Network on U.S. landmine policy and humanitarian assistance projects in Cambodia and Vietnam. From 2001 to 2003, Hawk was a Brandeis University Fellow in Human Rights, Intervention, and International Law. A former executive director of Amnesty International/USA, he has served on the board of directors of that organization and on the advisory board of Human Rights Watch/Asia.

Hawk traveled to Seoul three times between August 2002 and February 2003 to interview former North Korean prisoners now in exile in South Korea for this report.

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS
The U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea expresses its deep appreciation to the Seoul-based Citizens?Alliance for North Korean Human Rights (Citizens?Alliance) and the Network for North Korean Democracy and Human Rights (NKnet) for arranging interviews in South Korea. An additional interview was arranged by Pnan, a refugee assistance group. The Committee also owes a debt of gratitude to the many North Korean former prisoners for their patience during the painstaking process of collecting information for this report, and for their courage for speaking out.

Obtaining the satellite images for this report would not have been possible without the support of DigitalGlobe, a spatial imaging and information company based in the United States. The Committee expresses its deep appreciation for DigitalGlobe뭩 support, and for its important contributions in the field of satellite imaging.

This project has been made possible by the combined efforts of many talented and committed people. Highest appreciation goes to Matthew McKinzie, Sujin Hwang, Jason Slemons, and Tom Cochran of the Natural Resources Defense Council, an environmental advocacy organization, for their technical expertise related to the satellite photographic images. The Committee is indebted to Benjamin Yoon and Young Ja Kim of the Citizens?Alliance, and Howard Young of NKnet for their help, particularly in connection with the Glossary of Repression. Special thanks go to Hae Young Lee of the Citizens?Alliance for her invaluable assistance in reviewing the plethora of maps and satellite photographs with former North Korean prisoners, and for serving as skilled intermediary, translator, and fact-checker. Louisa Coan Greve뭩 thoughtful review of the preliminary drafts of the report has greatly enhanced the finished product. Appreciation goes to the anonymous reviewers, and to Erin Sawaya for a range of assistance.

?2003 U.S. Committee for Human Rights in North Korea
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